You have 3 months to contest the dismissal by sending a request (letter) to the tribunal, from the date you received such dismissal letter.
In any case, it is strongly recommended that you actively look for a job as soon as you are dismissed, and above all that you keep proof of your search (emails, application letters, etc.).
This evidence will be very useful in justifying the amount of damages that you could claim before the labour court judge, due to the prejudice suffered as a result of the unfair dismissal (loss of income in particular).
The procedure for recognising a foreign judgment differs according to the matter concerned (family, civil, etc.), or the State that issued the judgment (EU Member State or third country).
In certain situations, it is necessary to go through the exequatur procedure, which allows the Luxembourg court to recognise a foreign decision as if it emanates from a Luxembourg court itself.
For example, a Kafala deed, whether notarised or judicial, Moroccan or Algerian or from another third country, needs to be "exequaturated" to be enforced.
Likewise, a Lebanese notarial deed, recording the will of two ex-spouses to grant exclusive parental authority to the mother, must be "exequatured" in Luxembourg in order to have full effect with the administrative authorities.
On the other hand, a divorce pronounced by an Italian or a French court, or any other jurisdiction part of the European Union, does not need to be "exequatured", contrary to a divorce pronounced by an American court for example.
There are several ways to recover the arrear such as the seizure of the debtor's salary or bank account(s), or to initiate a payment order procedure.
The State General Attorney of Luxembourg will follow-up with the concerned authorities of the debtor's place of residence.
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